teach kids about the environment

Teaching Kids How to Protect the Earth

As I write this, the Amazon rainforest is ablaze. That’s a very big problem; there’s every chance that the fires could “accelerate global warming and cause lasting harm to a cradle of biodiversity.” Yet, as much as we hate to admit it, teaching children how to protect the Earth and discussing things like the Amazon aren’t often at the forefront of our minds. In all practicality, we’re often busy…making lunch. Managing our children’s bedtimes. Living life.

I don’t write that judgmentally. I’m guilty of it, too.

As part of conscious parenting, however, it’s imperative that we do teach kids about what’s happening on our planet. Conscious parenting and salvaging what we can of the Earth aren’t mutually exclusive. We have a moral obligation to not only teach children how to be kind to other humans, but also to show them how to nurture the global home they share.

children and the environmentAll this gentle and respectful parenting we’re striving for won’t mean a thing if our kids don’t have a planet on which they can live safely. 

We shouldn’t just teach kids about the implications of the Amazon fires, mind you—rather, they need to know about all the myriad factors that play into the future of this “pale blue dot” we call home.

However, it feels a bit overwhelming to have that responsibility on our shoulders, doesn’t it?

It is overwhelming. I’m not minimizing the enormity of the task. Fortunately, as individuals, we’re not supposed to carry heavy burdens alone—especially seemingly insurmountable ones like climate change. Positively altering our world is going to take work from every single one of us as a global community. What matters is that we’re doing our part. 

As conscious parents, we can weave important messages about sustainable living into our everyday lives.

There’s always something we can do to protect the Earth. Here are three ways that work well as we parent our children: Teach Them, Show Them, and Lead Them.

kids and the environment1. Teach children about sustainability by talking about it.

There are so many ways to weave this topic into your daily conversations. Although it’s wonderful to have sit-down discussions about the Earth, it doesn’t need to be complicated or heavy-handed, particularly with children who are highly sensitive. Adapt your message to suit your child’s ability to process the information thoughtfully and without fear mongering. Starting small is great, particularly for small children. No child is too young to listen. It’s all about planting the proverbial seed. It will grow if you let it.

Awareness and understanding go a long way; they’re how kids establish their belief systems about what’s important.

Here are some simple and effective ways you can teach young children about protecting our planet:

  • Tell your child why you’re turning off unnecessary lighting, water, or appliances in your home. You’re doing those things habitually; help your kids connect the dots.

What you can say to your child: “I’m turning off the bedroom lights because no one’s in there. That’s how we save energy. Saving energy helps protect the Earth and everyone who lives on it.”

  • Recycle or compost more than you throw away; explain what you’re doing and why.
    • Use color-coded bins to make it fun and interesting for children who are learning what goes where.
    • For older kids who have an understanding of time, you can talk about (and even visit) landfills. Research how long it takes various teaching children about the environmentitems to break down. A single plastic bag can take anywhere from 10-1000 years; some studies argue that they never fully decompose. What else can you research together?
  • Teach young children through play. Do your toy cars ever stop for fuel? Ours do. When they pull up to our living room couch (which doubles as the gas / petrol station), they can choose between “clean chocolate and vanilla fuel” or “icky black garlic fuel that’s awful for the air.” (Nomenclature thanks to my child.) When we’re out and my child sees a car spewing black smoke, she knows it’s bad. She comments accordingly.
  • If you can, use your legs instead of your car. Some of the best discussions my child and I have ever had about protecting the Earth were while we were on long walks together. Particularly for older kids, let them know why walking or biking are better than riding public transportation; why public transportation is better than driving alone. It’s easy to weave conversations about the Earth into conversation while you’re out in nature.

What you can say to your child: “We’re walking to the library today so we don’t use the fuel that’s in our car. Saving fuel helps sustain the planet by reducing fumes and protecting Earth’s natural resources.”

Talking goes a long way for kids. If they don’t hear important messages from you, what would they know to look for (or to avoid) in society as they grow up?

2. Teach children about sustainability by showing them what others are doing to help. Also show them what not to do.

It’s important for kids to know that they’re not too young to care; not too young to help.

Have you heard of Greta Thunberg, a 16-year-old girl from Sweden? She’s a climate activist who’s inspired marches for young people around the world. She just completed an incredible 15-day, 3,000-mile (4,800km) voyage on a carbon-neutral boat across the Atlantic to bring awareness to climate change. She will speak at the United Nations Climate Summit this September. Here’s her very compelling speech to the Assemblée Nationale:

Greta’s work is inspiring and wonderful, yet she’s not the only one who’s doing good work for the planet. Young activists are doing important climate work all over the world. Share their stories with your children.

Watch your children’s reactions to others’ work to learn which elements of protecting our planet speak to their hearts. Then, foster those things. Do they love marine animals? What about their favorite forest creatures? Do your kids enjoy hiking, playing outside in good weather, or boating with Grandpa? See what other people are doing to make enjoying those things possible for your child. Tie those things into your discussions. They’re specific. They’re  memorable.

teaching kids about the environment

As with all topics, you’ll be more likely to succeed at teaching your message about sustainability if your child feels emotionally compelled to learn. Just like some kids enjoy math for the sake of numbers and others don’t care about math until they discover physics, pay attention to what resonates with your child. Show them what others are doing in an area that inspires them. Read books together about ways your children can help protect the planet (afflinks). Check them out from your local library if you can.

Conversely, even with young kids, point it out when you see something that’s contrary to protecting the Earth.

Be it a cigarette butt on the pavement, smoke spewing from a manufacturing facility, or someone acting irresponsibly towards our planet in any way, it’s perfectly okay to point it out and say, “Yuck.” Explain why it’s off-putting.

What you can say to your child: “I don’t like it when people leave their trash near the lake. It’s dirty and can make the fish and animals here very sick. I want people to do better.” Bonus points: pick up the trash and take it to the nearest bin. Pack an eco-friendly hand sanitizer to keep with you if you’re concerned about cleanliness.

Show children that the generation before them is doing something to protect them.

Kids need to know that adults outside your home care about sustainability, too—lest they feel as overwhelmed as we do. It’s hard to feel like an activist in isolation. Show them they’re not alone. Find role models they admire (famous or not) and share with them what those people are doing.

Raffi, the beloved children’s troubadour and creator of his namesake Foundation for Child Honouring, wrote two wonderful new songs about the climate emergency (“Young People Marching – for Greta Thunberg” and “Do We Love Enough”). Here’s his press release. You can stream the songs from here.

I’d love to say “Show kids that we’ve got this.” Although I can’t do that, I’ll write, “Show them that we’re working on it.”

Raffi’s Response to the Climate Emergency

3. Lead children to help our planet by showing them how to be change makers.

In addition to modeling for your kids all the ways you’re protecting our planet, challenge them to find ways to be change makers themselves. See what they come up with. Here are a few examples:

  • Help them identify all the “one hit wonders” (items that are typically disposed of after a single use) in your home. What do they see that your family would use only once? What alternatives can they think of to replace those things? They might already know about swapping paper towels and sponges for eco-friendly dish cloths, eliminating dryer sheets, and using glass or stainless steel water bottles instead of plastic. What else can they find? If they find a one-hit wonder but don’t know of a reusable option with which to replace it, might they invent one?
    • Rethink whether one hit wonders are really just for one time only. People often assume they have to use certain items only one time because they “feel” disposable. But are they? Be it
      ways to reuse
      Even a homemade birthday sign is reusable (your child can help with a tweak or two).

      birthday streamers or decorations, wrapping paper or ribbons, take a single “day in the life” and see what you can reuse again another day. I never realized that I’d inherit my great grandmother’s habit of saying, “Don’t tear the wrapping paper—we’ll use it again next year!”—but here I am. (I plan to phase out wrapping paper entirely once what we’ve been reusing no longer holds together.) Encourage your children to challenge their friends to nix single use items in their homes, too. Frame it as an ongoing scavenger hunt. Every day holds opportunities to rethink that which we used to consider disposable.

    • Avoid buying single use products altogether when you see them in stores. Go farther, though. Ask whoever’s in charge to consider replacing them with sustainable alternatives. If need be, brainstorm with them about what those alternatives might be. Make it easy for them to champion change within their organizations.
  • Encourage your children to keep their eyes open for ecological missteps. Just like with the single use products, they can look for products sold in irresponsible packaging. Write to the companies who use plastic unnecessarily or excessively. unnecessary plastic

You don’t need to sail across the ocean like Greta did. Solar panels and electric cars aren’t feasible for everyone, and we can’t always choose whether our homes are powered by wind turbines. However, until more of those things are commonplace, you can write letters with your children. Make phone calls. Model to your children that communication matters—because their future on this planet matters.

Teach children about how to protect the Earth because they have even more at stake than we do.

The normal order of things is for them to outlive us on a safe and healthy planet.

Just a few weeks ago, Greenland lost 12.5 billion tons of ice in a single day. Our world needs help quickly. Yet, we can’t force kids to be stewards of the Earth; it’s our job as conscious parents to model these things for them. They’ll follow our lead. As a bonus, the more you instill your messages in your kids, the more they’ll hold you accountable, too. Your actions will become their actions as they grow up. They’re paying attention now.

“Another day is imminent. Another world is possible.” — Raffi Cavoukian


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About the Writer

Sarah R. Moore is a published writer, positive parenting educator, wellness advocate, and world traveler. Her work spans the globe, reaching readers on six continents and appearing in publications such as The Natural Parent Magazine, Scary Mommy, and Macaroni Kid.

She has been certified by the Raffi Foundation for Child Honouring.  She wholeheartedly recommends the course for parents, educators, and all others who influence the lives of children. 

She also holds BA / MFS degrees in Journalism, French, and Media/Arts/Cultural Production. Read more about Sarah here.